Aceves wrote:

The uphill battle confronted by Scott and all different ladies in jazz to be taken severely as musicians and equals will be seen within the liner notes for the unique launch, that are a typical product of their time and categorical the period’s prejudicial mindset, together with such unlucky declarations as: “Shirley Scott is a lady. On the organ she does a man-sized job.”

That form of sexist mindset remains to be discovered at this time, and never simply in music. Nevertheless, Aceves factors out:

Shirley Scott (1934-2002) loved a four-decade profession that produced over 40 albums operating the gamut from intimate trio dates to large bands, exploring bebop, soul jazz, arduous bop, and Latin jazz.

So be part of me as I discover 40 years of Shirley Scott and her instrument, beginning off with that first album. AllMusic reviewer Richie Unterberger wrote:

Scott’s first album as a bandleader put her on the head of a trio, backed by the rhythm part of George Duvivier on bass and Arthur Edgehill on drums. Whereas she’d already established herself as an organist of be aware in Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis’ band, Nice Scott! was her first out-front contribution to popularizing the organ in a jazz format that additionally drew on components of blues and soul music. She shows admirable command of the instrument’s swoops and funky glows right here, mixing up hard-charging uptempo numbers, ballads, Latin-influenced tunes (“Brazil” and “Nothing Ever Modifications My Love for You”), and bluesy strolling beats (as on her cowl of Cole Porter’s “All of You”)

Digging deeper into Scott and her historical past, I used to be elated to search out this highlight piece with two of her proteges speaking about her, and her affect on this NPR Jazz Night in America mini documentary. 

Jazz is taught at universities now, and artists like saxophonist Tim Warfield and trumpeter Terell Stafford train at them. However they know that jazz is taught extra by way of listening than studying; extra on the bandstand than the classroom. And so they discovered these classes from the organ big Shirley Scott, who died in 2002.

Referred to as the “queen of the organ,” Scott was one of several Philadelphians who developed the electrical Hammond B-3 right into a viable instrument for a soulful, bluesy model of jazz. With dozens of recordings to her title, she was already a significant voice when she grew to become the chief of the home band at Ortlieb’s Jazzhaus. Among the many younger gamers who timidly discovered their means onto the stage at Ortlieb’s had been Warfield and Stafford — and, in doing so, they acquired much more than they bargained for.

On this documentary brief, Jazz Night time In America remembers Shirley Scott by way of the tales of two of her remaining proteges and bandmates.

Her 2002 NY Times obituary particulars her spectacular and prolific output.

Ms. Scott emerged within the mid-1950’s, the golden age of Hammond B3 organ jazz, with a fast, punchy sound that merged bebop, gospel and the blues. She had a lighter contact than Jimmy Smith, the main organist in jazz, and relied on the blues much less closely than he did. In her teams with the saxophonists Eddie Davis, often known as Lockjaw, and Stanley Turrentine, to whom she was married for quite a few years, Ms. Scott produced a number of the most influential recordings within the smoother, extra pop-oriented soul-jazz model.

Her recorded output was nice, with greater than 50 albums as a pacesetter to her credit score, most on the Status and Impulse labels. Her first recordings had been with Davis, and he or she performed with him on quite a few classics, together with his ”Cookbook” albums and the 1958 hit track ”Within the Kitchen.”

In 1960 she married Turrentine and made quite a few albums with him over the following decade, together with ”Soul Shoutin’,” ”Blue Flames” and ”Hip Soul.” Their music collectively was usually intense, however Ms. Scott additionally recorded loads of easygoing tracks, usually together with present tunes and pop covers just like the Beatles’ ”Cannot Purchase Me Love.”

Right here she is with Turrentine enjoying “Soul Shoutin.’”

In 1964 she recorded this dwell album, aptly titled “Queen of the Organ.”

After listening to Scott and different jazz organists, I believed I ought to dive into the historical past of the organ and jazz. One of many extra attention-grabbing essays I discovered was written fairly some time in the past in 1988 by movie and music historian Geoff Alexander. Although he famous that wanting again on his work his conclusions concerning the loss of life of the jazz organ had been fallacious, I discovered his part on the viewers and shopping for market to be telling.

Jazz Organ in America

These wishing to search out good jazz organ data of their favourite document retailer could also be confronted with severe disappointment. Outdoors of a few Jimmy Smith discs, and maybe one other by Jack McDuff, the cabinets in new document shops are not often stocked with organ data. Used document retailers usually show to be a bonanza, with many older titles drastically marked down in an effort to maneuver them out, and the collector can simply stroll out with an armload of worthwhile organ data for underneath twenty {dollars}. It in fact should not be this fashion: this magnificent jazz instrument should not be relegated to the cut-out bins and the flea markets, however it’s, and one should face info. The jazz organ is a dying instrument.

One cause for its impending loss of life is that almost all of document patrons on this nation are white, and the white neighborhood by-and-large has by no means fairly been capable of embrace this instrument in a jazz or “hip” context. The conception of the organ within the white neighborhood not often goes past organ-and-chimes at Christmas, or “ballpark organ”, or Organ-Goes-Hawaiian, or worse but,sluggish, meandering organ accompanying spoken romantic poetry. The closest most of those individuals get to the organ is after they attend “applicable”capabilities like weddings and funerals, they usually (and their kids) are the document patrons.

Within the black neighborhood, it is a totally different story. Removed from the funereal aura of the organ present in most white church buildings, the black church has frequently fostered what I might time period virtually a bacchanalian method to the instrument. In contact the identical means because the black preacher verbally walks the road between the sacred and the profane, the organ within the black church usually produces highly-charged, emotional, fast-paced,and ‘danceable’ music that bears a direct kinship to jazz and blues. A number of the finest jazz organists started enjoying in church (Fat Waller and Charles Kynard, to call two), and on this dying period of the instrument as a real pressure in jazz, lots of its finest gamers will discover a haven there. If, after studying this paper, the reader needs to listen to the instrument and but cannot discover a room with an organ trio, I like to recommend going to a black church in Oakland, Akron, Baltimore, or another city black neighborhood and attending a Sunday night service. The organists there are normally fairly good, and sometimes magnificent.

Although he doesn’t tackle Scott’s work aside from mentioning that she’s one of many individuals who is a part of the lengthy checklist of organists influenced by Jimmy Smith, I hadn’t thought-about the advertising and marketing side of who buys what and why. Although I didn’t develop up within the Black church, I used to be no stranger to its affect or its sound. 

Scott’s alternative of instrument didn’t appear to be church-related. In Peter Vacher’s Guardian obituary, he wrote:

Scott was born in Philadelphia. Her father ran a jazz membership – or speakeasy as she later steered – within the basement of the household house, whereas her elder brother was a reliable jazz saxophonist. Initially drawn to the piano, she took up the trumpet at Philadelphia ladies’ highschool, received a scholarship and have become adept sufficient to play within the all-city colleges band,though, at one level, she ran away as pianist with a touring band.

Her conversion to the organ got here when, at 18, she heard a Jackie Davis document; the arrival of Jimmy Smith in Philadelphia was an additional spur. Abruptly, membership house owners needed organ gamers and, Scott, having discovered the mechanics of the instrument, quickly landed jobs with native bands, as soon as enjoying with John Coltrane in a trio supporting the Hello-Tones vocal group.

When the tenor-saxophonist Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis wanted a alternative for his combo in 1955, she was employed. The group recorded often, one album together with a success blues observe, In The Kitchen. Davis talked up Scott’s magnificence, and hung lights on the organ so the audiences may take pleasure in the way in which she performed the bass traces on the foot pedals. She was by no means totally glad about this gender stereotyping, saying, “All I used to be occupied with was enjoying”.

Steve Voce’s Independent obit make clear Scott’s acceptance by different musicians, and her angle concerning the highlighting of her gender.

Many individuals thought that, although Rely Basie and Fat Waller had been the primary jazz organ gamers, Shirley Scott was the most effective. Basie definitely did. In1958 Scott performed on the opening night time of Rely Basie’s Bar in New York and Basie was requested to comply with. He refused, pointing on the diminutive determine.”Not after her!”

Other than her dexterity on the instrument, Shirley Scott made it roar. Her heavy-shouldered swinging belied her small stature. She weighed eight stone.”I suppose if I used to be about 5 inches taller and had about 15 extra kilos in the appropriate locations, it would not harm. However I want individuals to hearken to what I’ve to supply relatively than ask, ‘What does she have on? Does she have large boobs? Does she have an enormous butt?’ ” Scott moved simply within the harmonies of Bebop and mixed them in an unusually rhythmic model that made a lot use of blues and gospel music.

Since I by no means acquired the prospect to see/hear her play dwell, I’m, as soon as once more, grateful for the existence of YouTube and the jazz followers who add nice music.

This was one in all our Jazz Organ Tributes from the San Francisco Jazz Competition.  Shirley Scott had not performed in San Francisco in thirty years!  I additionally had Jack McDuff and Duke Jethro on the invoice. Right here Shirley performs with tenor saxophonist Scott E-Canine Petersen and drummer Eddie Marshall. This was November 3, 1996. 

Lest you assume ladies enjoying the jazz organ is a factor of the previous, take a look at Barbara Dennerlein and Rhoda Scott jammin’ in Switzerland in 2002 on the Bern Jazz Competition.

That simply acquired me up on my ft, dancing across the room and applauding!

I’ll see you within the feedback part for heaps extra soul-jazz organ music and organists.